As of Oct. 25th, 2015 South Australia has new cycling laws. They aim to provide bicycle users with a greater margin and sense of security in the traffic environment. They also clarify the responsibilities of bicycle users on roads, footpaths and bike and shared-use pathways.
1. Minimum distance for passing cyclists: Drivers will be required to give a minimum of one metre when passing a cyclist where the speed limit is 60km/h or less or 1.5 metres where the speed limit is over 60km/h.
2. Riding on footpaths: Cyclists of all ages are allowed to ride on footpaths. When riding on a footpath or shared path, a cyclist must:
- Keep to the left unless it is impracticable to do so
- Give way to any pedestrian on the footpath or shared path and…
- Give a warning (by bell, horn or other means) to pedestrians or others using the footpath, if it is necessary to avert danger.
3. Where can I ride my bicycle? In South Australia you may now ride on either the road or the footpath. You may ride on the footpath even if there is a bicycle lane on the road. If you are riding on the road you will still be required to ride in a bike lane where one is provided.
4. Riding in a Pedestrian Area (a footpath, mall etc): When riding in a pedestrian area (on the footpath or shared-use path), you are required:
- to keep left and give way to pedestrians (which means overtake pedestrians on their right)
- avoid footpaths signed “no bikes” (on a sign pole or path marking) – use the road instead
- to give warning by using your bell, horn or other means, if necessary to avert danger
- to use a white light at the front and a red light and reflector at the rear under low light conditions and at night.
Ref: Cycling and the Law